Smart Economy


Court rules Google must face £13.6bn advertising lawsuit

 Published: 10:24, 6 June 2024

Court rules Google must face £13.6bn advertising lawsuit

Google must face a £13.6 billion lawsuit alleging it has too much power over the online advertising market, a court has ruled.

The case, brought by a group called Ad Tech Collective Action LLP, alleges the search giant behaved in an anti-competitive way which caused online publishers in the United Kingdom to lose money.

Google parent company Alphabet called the case "incoherent" in its attempts to get the legal action dropped.

But the Competition Appeal Tribunal, in London, has ruled the case can now go to trial.

“This is a decision of major importance to the victims of Google’s anti-competitive conduct in adtech," said former Ofcom director Claudio Pollack, now a partner in Ad Tech Collective Action.

"Google will now have to answer for its practices in a full trial."

However, Google's legal director, Oliver Bethell, described the lawsuit as "speculative and opportunistic."

"We’ll oppose it vigorously and on the facts," he added in a statement.

The cases concerns advertising technology, usually shortened to adtech, which decides which online adverts people see, as well as how much they cost to publishers.

Hosting such adverts is a huge source of revenue for many websites - Ad Tech Collective Action says digital advertising spend reached $490 billion in 2021.

It is also an extremely valuable industry for Google, because it dominates web search so heavily.

At the core of the claim is the allegation that Google is abusing that dominance, reducing the income websites get.

Ad Tech Collective Action says Google has engaged in what is known as "self-preferencing" - in other words promoting its own products and services more prominently than that of its rivals.

It says that means publishers end up getting less money for the ads they host as well as having to pay "very high" fees to Google.

"I look forward to working with our legal and economic advisers to deliver compensation for years during which the relevant markets did not provide a competitive outcome for the UK publishing market," Mr Pollack said.

But it will be a long time before any of this is resolved - it has already taken eighteen months to get to this point, and no court date has been set.

The case is what is known as opt-out, meaning all relevant UK publishers are included unless they indicate otherwise.

It is being funded by an unknown third-party, and says UK publishers who form part of the claim will not pay costs to participate.

It comes as Google faces probes by regulators in the UK, Europe and US into its adtech business, while the firm has already faced fines valued at billions of pounds from the European Commission over what it labelled anticompetitive behaviour.